artists

Henry Darger

Born 1892, Chicago, IL; died 1973, Chicago, IL

Henry Darger was born in Chicago in 1892. After the death of his mother he was placed in a Catholic home for boys and then into the Lincoln Asylum for Feeble-Minded Children in rural Illinois, from which he ran away at the age of seventeen.

Darger lived a solitary life, working as a janitor in a Chicago hospital from around the age of thirty until his retirement in 1963. A devout Catholic, Darger went to mass every day. During this time Darger created the work for which he is now known. Alone in his room, unknown to those around him, he gave tangible, visible form to an epic story of legions of pre-pubescent girls—with paper-doll faces and unexpected male organs—who battle for their lives against monstrous foes who seek to torture, kill or exploit them. This, his magnum opus, is commonly referred to as In the Realms of the Unreal, though Darger’s actual title is The Story of the Vivian Girls, in what is known as the Realms of the Unreal, of the Glandeco-Angelininian War Storm, Caused by the Child Slave Rebellion, and spans over 15,000 single-spaced typewritten pages. This expansive, complex narrative together with over 300 imaginatively constructed fantasy drawings have come to be regarded as one of the 20th century’s most original and unusual literary works.

It was not until after Darger’s death that the full scope of his artistic production became known. His landlord, Nathan Lerner, himself an artist and inventor, discovered Darger’s artworks after the artist was sent to a nursing home just before the end of his life. After the reclusive artist’s death, Lerner devoted much of his time and attention to the gathering and dissemination of Darger’s art and related, archival materials. Nathan Lerner died in 1997 at which point his wife Kiyoko Lerner took over managing the artist’s estate.

As Darger’s work has become better-known to both outsider-art and contemporary-art audiences in the U.S. and in Europe, it has won wide acclaim from critics, artists, art historians, curators and collectors who have recognized the withdrawn art-maker and story-teller as one of the most original talents—and as a true visionary—of his time.

Darger’s art has been the subject of the monographs Henry Darger: Selected Art and Writings, by Michael Bonesteel (Rizzoli, 2000), and Henry Darger: In the Realms of the Unreal, by John M. MacGregor (Delano Greenridge Editions, 2002). The artist’s work and life were also the focus of a meditative documentary by the Academy Award-winning film-maker Jessica Yu (In the Realms of the Unreal, 2004). Other movies about Darger may be forthcoming; the California-based production company Bedford Falls, which co-produced “The Last Samurai” with Warner Bros., has purchased the rights to develop a feature film based on the artist’s life.

Darger’s works are included in the permanent collections of the Museum of Modern Art and the American Folk Art Museum in New York, the Collection de l’Art Brut (Lausanne), the New Orleans Museum of Art, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Museum of Contemporary Art (Chicago), and the Milwaukee Art Museum.

Darger’s art also has been featured in many notable museum exhibitions, including “The Unreality of Being,” curated by Stephen Prokopoff (University of Iowa Museum of Art, 1996; Museum of American Folk Art, New York, 1997). It was also seen in “Disasters of War” (P.S. 1, New York, 2000), where it was presented alongside works by the Spanish master Francisco de Goya and the British, contemporary-art duo Jake and Dinos Chapman. Earlier this year, an entire gallery was devoted to Darger’s drawings in “Dubuffet and Art Brut” at the Museum Kunst Palast, in Düsseldorf; that exhibition will open at the Musée d’Art Moderne de Lille-Métropole on October 10 (and run through February 1, 2006). Darger’s work has also been shown at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the Setagaya Art Museum (Tokyo), the Irish Museum of Modern Art (Dublin), and the Collection de l’Art Brut. Darger’s art is scheduled to be featured in forthcoming exhibitions at La Maison Rouge (Paris), next year, and at the Yerba Buena Center for the Arts (San Francisco) in 2007.

SELECTED SOLO EXHIBITIONS

2015
Henry Darger: xxx, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France

2013
Henry Darger: Landscapes, Ricco/Maresca Gallery, New York, NY

2011
Henry Darger, American Innocence, Welcome to the Realms of the Unreal, Laforet Museum Harajuku, Tokyo, Japan

2010
Henry Darger, Andrew Edlin Gallery, New York, NY
Henry Darger: The Certainties of War, American Folk Art Museum, New York, NY
The Private Collection of Henry Darger, American Folk Art Museum, New York, NY
Up Close: Henry Darger and the Coloring Book, American Folk Art Museum, New York, NY

2008
Darger Discoveries, Andrew Edlin Gallery, New York, NY
Drawn from the Home of Henry Darger, Smart Museum of Art, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Henry Darger, Intuit: The Center for Intuitive and Outsider Art, Chicago, IL
Henry Darger Room Collection (permanent installation), Intuit: The Center for Intuitive and Outsider Art, Chicago, IL
Up Close: Henry Darger, American Folk Art Museum, New York, NY

2007
Henry Darger: The Vivian Girls Emerge, Andrew Edlin Gallery, New York, NY
Henry Darger: The Story of Girls at War, Of Paradises Dreamed, Hara Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo, Japan

2006
Henry Darger: Highlights from the American Folk Art Museum, The Andy Warhol Museum, Pittsburgh [itinerary: the Frye Art Museum, Seattle, Washington]
Bruit et Fureur, L'oeuvre d' Henry Darger (Sound and Fury, The Art of Henry Darger), La Maison Rouge, Paris, France
Henry Darger: The Vivian Girls Emerge, Andrew Edlin Gallery, New York, NY

2004
Andererseits: Die Phantastik, Landesgalerie am Oberösterreichischen Landesmuseum, Linz, Austria
Henry Darger: Art and Myth, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, NY

2003
Visions Realized: The Paintings and Process of Henry Darger. Intuit: The Center for Intuitive and Outsider Art, Chicago, IL
Henry Darger: In the Realms of the Unreal, the Watari-Um Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo, Japan
Henry Darger, Magasin III Stockholm Konsthall, Stockholm, Sweden

2002
Darger: the Henry Darger Collection, The American Folk Art Museum, New York, NY
Studies and Sketches: Henry Darger, Eva and Morris Feld Gallery, American Folk Art Museum, New York, NY

2001
Henry Darger, KW Institute for Contemporary Art, Berlin, Germany

2000
Henry Darger: Realms of the Unreal, Carl Hammer Gallery, Chicago, IL
New Works by Henry Darger, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, NY

1999
Henry Darger and His Realms, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, NY

1997
Henry Darger. Les aventures des Vivian Girls, Collection de l’art brut, Lausanne, Switzerland

1996
Henry Darger: The Unreality of Being, The University of Iowa Museum of Art, Iowa City, IA [itinerary: Museum of American Folk Art, New York, NY; The High Museum of Art, Atlanta, GA; Chicago Public Library, Chicago, IL; Yerba Buena Center for the Arts, San Francisco, CA]
Dans les Royaumes del'Irréel, Galleria Gottardo, Lugano, Switzerland; Collection de l'art brut, Lausanne, Switzerland
Art in Chicago 1945-1995, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL

1987
Henry Darger, Rosa Esman Gallery, New York, NY
Henry Darger, Phyllis Kind Gallery, New York, NY

1982
Henry Darger: Realms of the Unreal, Phyllis Kind Gallery, New York, NY

1980
The Drawings of Henry Darger, Phyllis Kind Gallery, New York, NY

1977
The Realms of the Unreal, Hyde Park Art Center, Chicago, IL

SELECTED GROUP EXHIBITIONS

2016
World Made By Hand, Andrew Edlin Gallery, New York, NY

2015
Art Basel Miami Beach, Andrew Edlin Gallery, New York, NY

2014
Collection abcd/Bruno Decharme, La maison rouge, Paris, France
Disturbing Innocence, [curated by Eric Fischl], The FLAG Art Foundation, New York, NY
Faces and Figures in Self-Taught Art, The Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, NY
Le Mur, La maison rouge, Paris, France
Social Geographies: Interpreting Space and Place, Asheville Art Museum, Asheville, NC

2013
Outsiders, Naïve and Autodidacts, Haifa Museum, Haifa, Israel
Raw Vision: 25 ans d’Art Brut, Halle Saint Pierre, Paris, France
The Red Queen, Museum of Old and New Art, Tasmania, Australia
Story Lines: Tracing the Narrative of Outsider Art, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, NY

2012
Accidental Genius: Art from the Anthony Petullo Collection, Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, WI
Arte Bruta. Terra Incognita, Fundação Arpad Szenes – Vieira da Silva, Lisbon, Spain
Collector of Skies, Andrew Edlin Gallery, New York, NY
Exhibition #1.1, Museum of Everything, Chalet Society, Paris, France
Jubilation/Rumination: Life, Real and Imagined, American Folk Art Museum, New York, NY
Reflections on a Shifting Field, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, NY
The Ins and Outs of Self-Taught: Reflections on a Shifting Field, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, NY

2011
A Life in Art: Monika Kinley, Plymouth Arts Centre, Plymouth, England
All Folked Up!, Andrew Edlin Gallery, New York, NY
Compass –Drawings from the Museum of Modern Art, New York, Martin Gropius-Bau, Berlin, Germany
Edmond Engel, Henry Darger and Gerard Cambon, Judy A Saslow Gallery, Chicago, IL
Heaven + Hell, Intuit –The Center for Intuitive and Outsider Art, Chicago, IL
Hey! Modern Art and Pop Culture, Halle Saint-Pierre, Paris, France
Private Worlds, Bockley Gallery, Minneapolis, MN
Re: Chicago, DePaul Art Museum, Chicago, IL
Weltenwandler: die Kunst der Outsider, Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt, Francfort-sur-le-Main, Germany
When the Fairytale Never Ends, fordPROJECT, New York, NY

2010
L’Écart absolu, Charles Fourier, Musée des Beaux-Arts et d’archéologie, Besançon, France
World Transformers, Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt, Francfort-sur-le-Main, Germany
Intuition, Whitworth Art Gallery, Manchester, England
The World Inside Out, Art Brut from the abcd collection in Paris, Museum Dr. Guislain, Ghent, Belgium
The Museum of Everything, Pinacoteca Giovanni e Marella Agnelli, Turin, Italy

2009
Compass In Hand: Selections from the Judith Rothschild Foundation Contemporary Drawings Collection, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
In Through the Out Door, Andrew Edlin Gallery, New York, NY
Les Chemins de l’art brut. L’Aracine et l’art brut, Institut national d’histoire de l’art, Paris, France; Université Charles-de-Gaulle –Lille 3, Villeneuuve-d’Ascq, France
Wonderland Through the Looking Glass, Kunsthal KAdE, Amersfoort, The Netherlands

2008
DARGERism: Contemporary Artists and Henry Darger, American Folk Art Museum, New York, NY Glossolalia: Languages of Drawing, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Het Spel van de Waazin, Museum Dr. Guislain, Ghent, Belgium
In the Land of Retinal Delights: The Juxtapoz Factor, Laguna Art Museum, Laguna Beach, CA
Messages & Magic: 100 Years of Collage and Assemblage in American Art, John Michael Kohler Arts Center, Sheboygan, WI
Lots of Things Like This, Apex Art, New York, NY
Vocabularies of Metaphor: More Stories, Hosfelt Gallery, San Francisco, CA
The World Needs A Narrative, Kevin Kavanagh, Dublin, Ireland

2007
A Secret Service: Art Compulsion and Concealment, (Hayward Gallery Touring Project), Whitworth Gallery, Manchester, England
Beautés Insensées, Nouveau Musée National de Monaco, Monaco Collage, Russell Bowman Art Advisory, Chicago, IL
Effigies, Stuart Shave Modern Art, London, England
Into Me/ Out of Me, KW Institute of Contemporary Art, Berlin; Museo d’Arte Contemporanea, Rome MACRO Testaccio (MACRO FUTURE), Rome, Italy
Mixed Signals, Ronald Feldman Fine Arts Inc., New York, NY
Recent Acquisitions, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, NY
The Writer’s Brush, Anita Shapolsky Gallery, New York, NY

2006
Body Politics: Figurative Prints and Drawings from Schiele to De Kooning, Walker Arts Center, Minneapolis, MN
Fairy Tale, Myth and Fantasy: Approaches to Spirituality in Art, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, NY
Inner Worlds Outside, Fundacion La Caixa, Madrid [itinerary: Whitechapel Art Gallery, London; Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, Ireland
Into Me/ Out of Me, MoMA P.S.1, New York, NY [catalogue]
Keeping Secrets, Hayward Gallery Touring Project, London [itinerary: Hatton Gallery, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK]
Musgrave Kinley Outsider Collection, Tate Britain, London, UK
Parallel Visions II, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, NY
Inner Worlds Outside, Fundación La Caxia, Madrid, Spain; Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, Ireland
Keeping Secrets, Hayward Gallery Touring, London, UK; Hatton Gallery, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Bang! Bang! : guns, gangs, games et œuvres d’armes, musée d’Art et d’Industrie, Saint-Étienne, France; musée des Art modestes, Sète, France
Undercurrent 06, Göteborgs Kontsmuseum, Göteborg, Sweden
More Than Coffee Was Served, Galerie St, Etienne, New York, NY
Drawn Into the World, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL
5 Year Anniversary Exhibition, Andrew Edlin Gallery, New York, NY

2005
Realms of Creation: Wölfli & Darger, Side by Side, Andrew Edlin Gallery, New York, NY
Mixed-Up Childhood, Auckland Art Gallery, Auckland, New Zealand
Musgrave Kinley Outsider Collection, Tate Britain, London, UK
Recent Acquisitions, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, NY
Dubuffet und Art Brut, Museum Kunstpalast, Düsseldorf, Germany
Every Picture Tells a Story, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, NY
Mixed-Up Childhood, Aukland Art Gallery, Auckland, New Zealand
Écriture en délire, Halle Saint-Pierre, Paris, France
Create and Be Recognized, Photography on the Edge, Yerba Beuna Center for the Arts, San Francisco, CA
Only Make Believe, Compton Verney House Trust, Warwickshire, UK
Looking at Words, Andrea Rosen Gallery, New York, NY
Summer Exhibition, Andrew Edlin Gallery, New York, NY
Life and Limb, Kinz + Tillou, New York, NY
Verborgen werelden (Hidden Worlds), Museum Dr. Guislan, Ghent, Belgium
Self and Subject, American Folk Art Museum, New York, NY
Landings, Susan Inglett Gallery, New York, NY

2004
Between the Lines, James Cohan Gallery, New York, NY
Andererseits: Die Phantastik, Landesgalerie am Oberöterreichisches Lanedesmuseum, Linz, Austria
It’s a Wonderful Life: Psychodrama in Contemporary Painting, Spaces Gallery, Cleveland, OH
Genesis: Gifts and Promised Gifts to the Permanent Collection, Intuit – The Center for Intuitive Outsider Art, Chicago, IL
À corps perdu, abcd, une collection d’art brut, Pavillon des Arts, Paris, France
Smart Collecting, Acquisitions (1994-2004), Celebrating the Thirtieth Anniversary of David and Alfred Smart Museum of Art, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Die Zehn Gebote, Deutsches Hygiene Museum, Dresden, Germany
Dopes, Dupes, and Demagogues: Viewed by Outsiders, Luise Ross Gallery, New York, NY

2003
Splat Boom Pow! The Influence of Cartoons in Contemporary Art, The Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, MA
On the Outskirts: Art Brut, Neuve Invention and Outsider Art, Andrew Edlin Gallery, Miami Beach, FL and New York, NY
Form Follows Fiction, Castello di Rivoli, Turin, Italy
Innocence & Transgression, The Proposition, New York, NY

2002
Cathy Wilkes - Henry J. Darger, Migros Museum für Gegenwartskunst, Zurich, Switzerland
(The World May Be) Fantastic, 13th Biennale of Sydney, Sydney, Australia

2001
The First 10 Years: Selected Works from the Collection The Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, Ireland
Tenth Anniversary Exhibition, 100 Drawings and Photographs, Matthew Marks Gallery, New York, NY
Summer Reading, the Recreation of Language in Twentieth-Century Art, The Frances Loeb Art Center, New York
The Art of War and Peace, American Visionary Art Museum, Baltimore, MD
Let it Shine: Self-Taught Art from the T. Marshall Hahn Collection, High Museum of Art, Atlanta, GA
La Planète exilée, art brut et visions du monde, Lille métropole musée d’art moderne, d’art contemporaine et d’art brut, Villeneuve-d’Ascq, France

2000
Disasters of War: Francisco de Goya, Henry Darger, Jake and Dinos Chapman, P.S.1 Contemporary Art Center/MoMA, New York, New York, NY
The First 10 Years: Selected Works from the Collection, Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, Ireland
Art Without Precedent: Nine Artists from the Musgrave Kinley Outsider Art Collection, Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, Ireland
Présumés innocents, l’art contemporain en l’enfance, CAPC musée d’art contemporain, Bordeaux, France
The Intuitive Eye, the Mendelsohn Collection, Ricco Maresca Gallery, New York, NY
State of the Art: Recent Gifts and Acquisitions, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN

1999
The Modern Child, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, NY
Obsession: Morton Bartlett, Euguene von Breunchenheim, Henry Darger, Paul Humphrey, Kölnischer Kunstverein, Cologne, Germany
American Masters, Intuit—The Center for Intuitive and Outsider Art, Chicago, IL
Masterpieces from the Robert M. Greenberg Collection, Ricco Maresca Gallery, New York, NY
Recent Acquisitions (and A Look at Sixty Years of Art Dealing), Galerie St. Etienne, New York, NY

1998
Self-Taught Artists of the 20th Century: An American Anthology, [itinerary: Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA; High Museum of Art, Atlanta, GA; Amon Carter Museum of American Art, Fort Worth, TX; Modern Art Museum, Fort Worth, TX; Memorial Art Gallery, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY (1999); Wexner Center for the Arts, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH (1999); American Folk Art Museum, New York, NY (1999)]
Art Unsolved, the Musgrave Kinley Outsider Art Collection, Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, Ireland
Art Outsider et Folk Art des collections de Chicago, Halle Saint-Pierre, Paris, France
Visions, Dreams, and Prophecies: Ten Intuitive Chicago Artists, College of Lake County, Community Gallery of Art, Grayslake, IL
In and Out: Naïve, Folk, and Self-Taught Artists from the Collection, The Menil Collection, Houston, TX

1997
Art Brut, collection de l’Aracine, Lille métropole musée d’art moderne, d’art contemporain et d’art brut, Villeneuve-d’Ascq, France

1996
Dans les Royaumes del'Irréel, Collection de l'Art Brut, Lausanne, Switzerland
Art in Chicago 1945-1995, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL

1995
A World of Their Own, Twentieth Century American Folk Art, Newark Museum, Newark, NJ
Art brut et compaignie. La face cachée de l’art contemporain, Halle Saint-Pierre, Paris, France
Tree of Life, American Visionary Art Museum, Baltimore, MD

1993
The “Outsider” Question—Non Academic Art from 1900 to the Present, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, NY
American Self-Taught, Ricco Maresca Gallery, New York, NY
Driven to Create: The Anthony Petullo Collection of Self-Taught Artists & Outsider Art, American Folk Art Museum, New York, NY; Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, WI (1994); Krannert Art Museum, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL (1994); Akron Art Museum, Akron, OH (1995); Tampa Museum of Art, Tampa, FL (1995); Arkansas Arts Center, Little Rock, AR (1995)

1992
Parallel Visions. Modern Artists and Outsider Art, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA [itinerary: Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, Spain (1993); Kunsthalle Basel, Basel, Switzerland (1993); Setagaya Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan (1993)]

1991
Särlingar, Malmö Konsthall, Malmö, Sweden

1990
Visions: Expressions Beyond the Mainstream from Chicago Collections, Arts Club of Chicago, Chicago IL

1988
L’Aracine et l’Art brut, musée d’art brut, Neuilly-sur-Marne, Paris, France
In Another World, Cornerhouse, Manchester, UK
Outsiders: an Exhibition of Art Brut, Kunsthaus St. Alban, Basel, Switzerland

1987
In Another World, Outsider Art From Europe & America, South Bank Center, London, UK

1986
Intuitive Line, Hirschl & Adler Modern, New York, NY
Outsiders, Rosa Esman Gallery, New York, NY

1981
Transmitters: The Isolate Artist in America, Philadelphia College of Art, Philadelphia, PA

1979
Outsider Art in Chicago, Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago, IL
Outsiders, Arts Council of Great Britain, Hayward Gallery, London, UK

BOOKS & CATALOGUES

2013
Elledge, Jim. Henry Darger, Throwaway Boy: The Tragic Life of an Outsider Artist, New York: Overlook Press.

2011
Piglia-Veronese, Paolo. Upward Crashes, Fracture’s Topoi: Musil, Kiefer, Darger. New York: Atropos Press.

2009
Biesenbach, Klaus. Henry Darger. New York: Prestel.

2007
Koide, Yukiko and Tsuzuki, Kyoichi. Henry Darger’s Room: 851 Webster. Tokyo: Imperial Press.

2006
Bruit et fureur: l’œuvre de Henry Darger/Sound and Fury: The Art of Henry Darger, essay by Edward Madrid Gómez, New York: Edlin Gallery, 2006, 2008, 2009.

2002
MacGregor, John M. Henry Darger: In the Realms of the Unreal, New York: Delano Greenridge Editions.

2001
Biesenbach, Klaus and Kiyoko Lerner. Henry Darger: Disasters of War. Berlin: KW Institute for Contemporary Art.
Anderson, Brooke Davis. Darger, The Henry Darger Collection at the American Folk Art Museum, essay by Michel Thevoz, New York: Harry N. Abrams/American Folk Art Museum.

2000
Bonesteel, Michael. Henry Darger: Selected Art and Writings. New York: Rizzoli.

1996
MacGregor, John. Henry J. Darger: Nei Regni Dell’ irreale. Fondazione Galleria Gottardo/Collection de l’Art Brut, Capelli.
Nathan Lerner and Stephen Prokopoff. Henry Darger: The Unreality of Being. University of Iowa Museum of Art.

ARTICLES

2015
Joseph Nechvatal, "The Radical Ambiguity of Henry Darger," Hyperallergic, October 2.
Forrest, Nicholas, “Henry Darger’s Epic 60-year Secret Art Project at MAM Paris,” Blouin Art Info, Web, May 27.

2014
Ebony, David. “Outing Darger,” Art in America, vol. 102 no. 4, April.
Lirette, Christopher. “Odd Future, Henry Darger and Art Brut,” Art Papers Magazine, vol. 38 no. 1, January/February.

2013
Greenwald, Jordan, “Objects, Lost and Found: Henry Darger and the Art of Salvage,” Qui Parle: Critical Humanities and Social Sciences, vol. 21 no. 1.
Steinhauer, Jillian. “On Henry Darger’s 15,000-Page Novel.” Hyperallergic, February 18.
Martinez, Alanna. “Shows That Matter: Exploring Henry Darger’s Mysterious Universe at Ricco/Maresca.” ArtInfo, January 7.

2012
Trent, Mary. “’Many Stirring Scenes’: Henry Darger’s Reworking of American Visual Culture,” American Art, vol. 26 no. 1, Spring.

2011
Bonesteel, Michael. “Heroes and Villains: Michael Bonesteel Reveals Henry Darger’s dramatis personae,” Raw Vision, no. 74, Winter.

2010
Johnson, Ken. “Where Beauty Collides With Creepy.” New York Times, May 13.

2009
Harris, Bryony. “Into the Realms of the Unreal.” Under the Influence, Spring.
Smith, Roberta. “Where Outsiders Come in From the Cold.” New York Times, January 8.

2008
Monopol, September.
D’Alessio, F.N. “Posthumous fame grows for artist Henry Darger.” San Francisco Chronicle, July 29.
Johnson, Ken. “An Insider Perspective on an Outsider Artist.” New York Times, April 18.
Johnson, Ken. “Visionaries in a Bubble, Safe from Convention.” New York Times, January 25.

2007
Liddell, C.B. “Naïve or normal? Take a peek inside Henry Darger’s mind.” Japan Times, April 26.
Breidenbach, Tom. “Henry Darger/Andrew Edlin Gallery.” Art Forum, March.
Smith, Roberta. “Henry Darger: The Vivian Girls Emerge.” New York Times, January 5.

2006
Baker, R.C. “Henry Darger: The Vivian Girls Emerge.” Village Voice, November 21.
“Tilly + the Wall on Henry Darger.” Modern Painters, July-August.
Vernay, Éric. “Henry Darger, entre innocence et cruauté.” l’Humanité, August 8.
Dagen, Philippe. “Darger et ses petites filles en guerre.” Le Monde, June 8.

2005
Perry, Grayson. “Who do you think you are calling an Outsider?” Evening Standard, August 16.
O’Hagan, Sean. “Inside the Mind of an Outside.” The Observer, June 24.
Jones, Finn-Olaf. “Landlord’s Fantasy.” Forbes, April 25.

2004
Kehr, Dave. “The Fantasy World of a Mysterious Artist.” New York Times, December 22.

2002
Smith, Roberta. “Hailing a Past and Future.” New York Times, December 14.
Cotter, Holland. “Visions of Childhood, Showing Purity and Evil.” New York Times, April 19.

2001
Glueck, Grace. “The Horror: Apocalypses of Battles Past (and Maybe Future).” New York Times, January 12.

2000
Boxer, Sarah. “He Was Crazy Like a…Genius?” New York Times, September 16.

FILMOGRAPHY

2011
Stokes, Mark. Revolutions of the Night: The Enigma of Henry Darger.

2004
Yu, Jessica. In the Realms of the Unreal, U.S.: Cherry Sky Films.

PUBLIC COLLECTIONS

American Folk Art Museum, New York, NY
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Collection abcd, Paris, France
Collection de l’Art Brut, Lausanne, France
High Museum of Art, Atlanta, GA
Intuit: The Center for Intuitive and Outsider Art, Chicago, IL
Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, Ireland
Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, WI
Musée d'art moderne de la ville de Paris, France
Musée d’art moderne Lille Métropole, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France
Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL
Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian, Washington D.C.
New Orleans Museum of Art, New Orleans, LA
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY